Causes of hair loss in women and men and the most important treatment for hair loss


The prognosis

Your doctor will most likely perform a physical exam and inquire about your diet, hair care regimen, and personal and family records before making a diagnosis. You will also be subjected to assessments such as the following:

-A blood test is needed. This could aid in the discovery of medical problems that cause hair loss.

-Do a pull exam. Your doctor pulls a few dozen hairs gently to see how many fall out. This aids in determining the stage of shedding.

-Biopsy of the scalp. To inspect the hair roots under a microscope, the doctor scrapes samples from the skin or a few hairs plucked from the scalp. This will assist in determining whether or not an illness is the cause of hair loss.

-Light microscopy is a technique for examining objects under a microscope. Your doctor examines hairs that have been clipped at their roots using a special tool. Microscopy aids in the detection of hair shaft abnormalities.


There are effective therapies for certain forms of hair loss. You should be able to stop or at least delay hair loss. Hair can regrow without treatment in some conditions, such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata). Medications and surgery are two options for treating hair loss.

Prescription drugs

If your hair loss is caused by an underlying disorder, you'll need to get medication for the condition. Your doctor may encourage you to avoid taking a certain drug for a few months if it is the cause of your hair loss.

Pattern (hereditary) baldness may be treated with medications. The following are the most popular choices:

*Minoxidil is a form of minoxidil that is (Rogaine). Minoxidil is used as a powder, a foam, or a shampoo over-the-counter (nonprescription). Apply the cream to the scalp skin once a day for women and twice a day for men to get the best results. Many people like to apply the foam when their hair is already wet.

Many people find that minoxidil-containing products help them regrow their hair, delay the rate of hair loss, or do both. Hair regrowth and prevention of further hair loss can require at least six months of care. It could take a few months to see if the medication is effective for you. While it's working, you'll need to keep taking it forever to keep reaping the gains.

Scalp itching and unwanted hair growth on the neighboring skin of the face and hands are two possible side effects.

Finasteride is a form of finasteride that is (Propecia). This is a men's prescribed medication. It's a pill that you take once a day. Many men who take finasteride notice a reduction in hair loss, and some even notice new hair development. It can take a few months to tell if it's working for you. You'll need to keep taking it to maintain its gains. Finasteride could not be as effective in men over the age of 60.

Finasteride has a few side effects, including decreased sex drive and sexual function, as well as an elevated risk of prostate cancer. Crushed or fractured tablets should not be used by women who are pregnant or may become pregnant.

Other prescriptions are available. Spironolactone (Carospir, Aldactone) and oral dutasteride are two other oral alternatives (Avodart).

Hair transplant surgery is a procedure that involves the transplantation of

Hereditary hair loss may be treated with a hair transplant.

Transplantation of hair

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Just the top of the head is affected in the most common form of irreversible hair loss. Hair transplantation, also known as regeneration surgery, will help you make the most of the hair you do have.A dermatologist or plastic surgeon extracts hair from a hairy area of the head and transplants it to a bald patch during a hair transplant operation. There are one or many hairs in each hair patch (micrografts and minigrafts). A wider strip of skin with several hair groupings is often taken. Although this procedure does not necessitate hospitalization, it is painful, so you will be given sedation medication to help you relax. Possible complications include blood, bruising, swelling and infection. It's possible that you'll require more than one surgery to achieve the desired result. Despite surgery, hereditary hair loss will gradually progress.

Laser therapy is a form of treatment that uses light

A low-level laser implant has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a therapy for inherited hair loss in men and women. It has been seen in a few small trials to increase hair density. More research is required to demonstrate long-term results.

Home treatments and a healthy lifestyle

You may want to experiment with different hair care approaches to see which one makes you feel happier about your appearance. Using volumizing materials, dye your hair, and select a hairstyle that hides an expanding section. Shave your head or wear wigs or extensions. Consult a hairstylist for inspiration. These approaches can be used to address permanent or temporary hair loss.

If the hair loss is due to a medical disorder, the cost of a wig may be protected by insurance.

Getting ready for your appointment

Your primary care physician is likely to be the first to hear about your questions. He or she can refer you to a dermatologist who specializes in skin problems (dermatologist).

-What you should do -Make a list of important personal details, such as any big stressors or recent life changes.

-Have a list of all of your prescriptions, vitamins, and supplements.

-Have a list of questions you like to ask the doctor.

Since your time with your doctor is minimal, making a list of questions ahead of time will help you make the most of it. List your questions from most important to least important in case time runs out. Such simple questions to ask the doctor if you're suffering from hair loss are:

What is the source of my hair loss?

Are there any other possibilities?

What types of testing do I require?

Is my hair loss going to be lasting or will it regrow? How long do you think it'll take? When it grows back, can it have a distinct texture?

What is the most appropriate course of action?

Should I make any dietary or hair-care changes?

Are there any limitations that I would adhere to?

Is it necessary for me to see a specialist? Will my benefits cover having a doctor, and how much will it cost?

Is there a generic version of the medication you're giving me?

Is there any written content or brochures that I should take home with me?

What are some of your favorite websites?

What to expect from your physician

Your doctor will almost always ask you a series of questions. Being prepared to respond to them might allow you to set aside time to go over any points that you want to spend more time on. Your doctor may inquire:

When did you first notice that you were losing your hair?

Has the hair loss been consistent or sporadic?

Have you experienced thinning hair, hair breakage, or shedding?

Is your hair loss patchy or complete?

Have you ever had a dilemma like this before?

Is there anybody in your extended family who has lost their hair?

What prescription drugs or vitamins do you take on a daily basis?

What, if anything, seems to be helping you with your hair loss?

What happens to aggravate your hair loss, if anything?

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