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How is a woman's pregnancy ?

 What Is It Like To Be Pregnant?

Over the nine months of your pregnancy, how can your body change?




Pregnancy Terminology


Womb - Uterus:

The uterus (womb) of a woman is where the baby (fetus) will develop and grow. Until you hit puberty, the uterus (womb) prepares your body for birth by filling up its lining with blood and tissue once a month.


Menstrual Cycle - Period:\sThe interval when the uterus prepares the body for birth is considered the menstrual cycle. Body chemicals called hormones rise and fall during the month to make the menstrual cycle happen. The menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days. Menstruation, also known as a woman's cycle, is the menstrual bleeding of a woman. When you have your menstrual, your body is shedding the uterine lining (womb).

You will get a menstrual cycle if you are not pregnant. Blood can drain from the fetus and out of the body into the birth canal as the uterus (womb) sheds its lining (vagina). The average menstrual cycle lasts three to five days.


Missed Day: Missing your menstrual period may be one of the earliest symptoms of pregnancy.


Tests for Pregnancy

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), also known as the birth hormone, is detected in pregnancy tests. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a unique hormone found only in the urine or blood of pregnant women.

When a fertilized egg inserts in the uterus, the body produces the pregnancy hormone. This occurs about six days after conception (when the egg is fertilized when having sex). Every day that you are pregnant, the volume of pregnancy hormone rises.

Pregnancy examinations are divided into two categories. The pregnancy hormone, hCG, is measured in the blood.The other looks for this hormone in the urine. With a home pregnancy kit, you can do a urine test at home. The majority of women use at-home pregnancy tests to determine whether or not they are pregnant.

If a home pregnancy test indicates that you are pregnant or suspect that you are pregnant, contact your health care provider right away! If you're not positive if you're pregnant, the doctor can use a more sensitive procedure along with an ultrasound. Early prenatal visits with your health care provider will help you and your baby stay healthy.


What Do You Do Now That You're Pregnant?

You know you're pregnant because your fertility test came out positive.

Daily checkups are the most effective way to ensure that you and your baby are healthy. Prenatal treatment is when you have daily checkups while you're pregnant. You'll need to visit a health care provider, whether you have one, or find someone to look after you and your baby while you're pregnant.

You can get prenatal treatment from a health care provider, such as a doctor or a midwife, as soon as you suspect you are pregnant.

Begin prenatal treatment as soon as possible. Early and consistent prenatal treatment is critical, since a stable baby begins with a healthy pregnancy!


Types of Health Care Providers and Prenatal Care

Obstetricians (OB) are physicians who specialize in the wellbeing of mothers, breastfeeding, and childbirth.


Professionals with advanced experience in maternal care and breastfeeding are known as licensed midwives. Women with uncomplicated pregnancies should be well cared for by licensed midwives. A midwife can refer you to an obstetrician if a condition exists or if you have special needs.


Doctors that specialize in family medicine are known as family practice doctors. You could still be under the care of a private practice physician. Some family practice physicians also care for women who have uncomplicated births who are capable of dealing with a variety of common complications. If you like to see this specialist about your baby as well, find out if they treat pregnant mothers. The family practice doctor will send you to an obstetrician if a condition exists or if you have special needs.


Nurse Practitioner (NP) or Physician's Assistant (PA): Both are practitioners who, in addition to having a doctor or midwife, can provide any of the regular prenatal treatment at some clinics. Prenatal treatment is provided by these health care providers who have received special training. The infant, on the other hand, will be born by a midwife or a doctor.


Choosing a Prenatal Care Provider Who is the best match for you?

Find a prenatal provider for whom you feel at ease; you should be able to ask certain questions and get answers that you can comprehend. If you don't understand anything, don't be afraid to ask questions that will help you better understand your pregnancy and the prenatal care you're getting.

Once a month or once a week will be the frequency of the prenatal appointments.


Consult your friends or your current provider for recommendations.

Your First Prenatal Consultation

Your first prenatal appointment will most likely be the longest.


Your provider will perform a number of standard tests during your first visit, and you will be asked about:

-Your health, the health of your other pregnancies, and the health of other family members.

-Estimate your due date using the first day of the last cycle.

-Any illnesses or surgeries you've done, allergies you've had, medications you're taking or have taken before being pregnant, and the wellness behaviors.

The following steps will be taken by your healthcare provider:

Height, weight, and blood pressure are all factors to consider.

You'll need a sample of your urine.

Blood tests to determine your blood type and to determine whether you have anemia (low iron), sexually transmitted infections, HIV, or other issues that could affect you or your infant.


This is a great time to bring a list of questions, problems, symptoms and concerns. You may want to ask the following questions:

-What can I do to help have a healthy pregnancy?

-Will I gain weight during my pregnancy?

-If I go to the office or clinic, who will I see?

-Who do I call if I have a problem late at night or on the weekend?

-Where will I give birth to my child?

-Who will give birth to my child?

-Can you tell me where I can get childbirth, breastfeeding, and parenting classes?


Inquire about your insurance provider's labor and childbirth procedures, if any exist.


Do they take pain relievers?

Is it possible for you to walk around during labor to better relieve the pain?

Is there a set of guidelines for labor and childbirth at the hospital?

You want a health care professional that can give you advice based on your and your baby's best interests. You want a doctor and a hospital who will respect your preferences for labor and childbirth, as long as they are in your and your baby's best interests. You should be able to ask any question you like and receive answers that are easy to comprehend.



Pregnancy Stages 

The First Trimester is the first three months of pregnancy.
The first trimester of pregnancy covers the first 12 weeks of your pregnancy. Swollen breasts, fatigue, nausea and vomiting (morning sickness), backaches, mood swings, and frequent urination are all common symptoms in the first trimester. Until the end of this trimester, most pregnant women have regular prenatal appointments with their health care provider.

Your health care provider will check your weight, blood pressure, and urine during the first trimester;
Examine the uterus for size and shape.
Check for swelling in your hands and feet. in addition
Listen to your baby's heartbeat by the end of the first trimester.

The Second Trimester
The second trimester of pregnancy goes from the 13th week to the 27th week. In the second trimester, there is usually less nausea and tiredness (fatigue) than in the first trimester. The baby grows rapidly and by the end of the second trimester you begin to feel the baby move . As the baby grows, the uterus also grows and rises higher in the abdomen during the second trimester. Some women find that they don't have to urinate as frequently as before. However, you may feel pressure in your abdomen or backaches or shortness of breath. On average, it is normal to gain about one pound per week, or about three to four pounds per month during this trimester.

The Third Trimester
This is the last trimester, running from the 28th week until the 40th week when your baby is born. You may feel tired again during the third trimester and many women find breathing more difficult and notice they have to go to the bathroom more often. This is because the baby is getting bigger and it is putting more pressure on your organs including your lungs and bladder. On average, it is normal to gain about one pound per week, or three to four pounds per month, during the third trimester. By the end of your pregnancy you should have gained, on average, 25 to 30 pounds. From 30 weeks to 38 weeks of pregnancy, most health care providers recommend one office visit every two weeks. After 38 weeks, women normally see their health care provider every week until delivery.

During the third trimester your health care provider will:

Check your weight, blood pressure, and urine;
Check the size and shape of your uterus and listen to the baby's heartbeat;
Check the baby's position;
Check your hands and feet for swelling and legs for varicose veins; and
Do other tests to check for any possible problems.
Call your health care provider right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

Warm fluid flows out of your vagina, your "water breaks."
Bleeding from your vagina.
Sharp severe pain in your back or abdomen.
Severe headache, blurred vision, or slurred speech.

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